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Landmark Research Journals of Medicine and Medical Sciences
December 2017 Vol. 4(5), pp. 058-067
Copyright © 2017 Landmark Research Journals
Full Lenght Research Paper
Diagnosis of Bone Changes in Mandibles of Aids Patients Who Had Administered Haart and Developed Lipodistrophic Syndrome
1Giovani, E. M.; 2*Santos, C. C. 3georgevich Neto, R.; 4noro-Filho, G. A.; 5caputo, B. V.;
1Master in Oral Pathology, Ph.D. in Integrated Clinic, Full Professor of Integrated Clinical Discipline and Patients with Special Needs, Professor of Master’s and Ph.D. Program, Coordinator of CEAPE, Dentistry Course of the Faculty of Dentistry of Paulista University, FOUNIP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
2 Associate Professor and PhD student, UNIP, Sao Paulo, SP, Member of Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Brazil
3MD student, UNIP, Sao Paulo, SP, member of Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Brazil
4Associate Professor and PhD, UNIP, Sao Paulo, SP, Member of Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Brazil
5 Associate Professor and PhD, UNIP, Sao Paulo, SP, Member of Center for Studies and Special Service for Patients, Brazil
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 15 November, 2017
With the advent of HAART, it was also observed that it is accompanied by medium and long-term side effects, mainly metabolic and bone changes, including osteonecrosis, hypertriglycerinemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, centripetal obesity, This set of manifestations of Lipoditrophic Syndrome. The objective was to compare the difference of bone desorption in the mandible between groups of patients not infected by the HIV virus and of HIV + patients submitted to HAART therapy. A total of 40 individuals, female and black, aged 40 to 60 years old, of whom Group I were: (control) 18 black patients not known to be HIV and Group II: 22 black patients with AIDS, who administered HAART and with at least one lipodystrophic manifestation. The panoramic radiograph was used to evaluate bone desorption, where through it the measurements of the mental index and antegoniac depth were performed. The results showed that, in the measurement of the antegoniac depth, there was a difference between the means of the two groups (P = 0.099), indicating a greater bone desorption in the jaws of HIV women, even though the ages were lower than in the control group.
Keywords: bone resorption; jaw; Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV); Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS); Lipodystrophic Syndrome.