Landmark Research Journals Of Agriculture and Soil Science 
November 2015 Vol. 2(2), pp. 016-025  
Copyright © 2015 Landmark Research Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

Past, Present and Future of Animal Traction in the North West Region of Cameroon

Ngeh MN1, Manu IN1, Tohnain N1, Tarla DN3, Muluh GN2, Fon DE4

1Department of Rural Sociology and Agricultural Extension, FAAS, University of Dschang;

2Mission de Développement du Nord-Ouest (MIDENO)/ GP-DERUDEP, Bamenda ;

3Department of Plant Protection, FAAS, University of Dschang; Department of Rural Economics, FAAS, University of Dschang.

*Corresponding Author's Email: maryngeh@yahoo.com
 

Accepted 20 November, 2015

ABSTRACT

In the North-West Region of Cameroon, the traditional shifting cultivation system practiced in the yesteryears was threatened by constraints such as rapid demographic expansion and unplanned urbanization. Like in other countries south of the Sahara, the government of Cameroon introduced innovative farming methods geared towards increasing production and productivity while at the same time reducing drudgery. Measures to remove the constraints were introduced in 1970s’ by the Project for the Promotion of Adapted Farming Systems based on Animal Traction (PAFSAT). PAFSAT promoted an Intermediate Technology adapted to the ecology and to the resources and knowledge of the local farmers. Animal traction (AT) has played and still plays an important role in meeting the power requirements of many parts of the developing world in general and the North West Region particular, because  it  is  an  appropriate,  affordable, sustainable and intermediate  technology  requiring  few  external  inputs and  hence  relatively  low  capital  investment. This paper reviews the history of AT, its application in the day to day lives of farmers in the North West Region and prospects of future application.

Keywords: Animal traction, Intermediate Technology, Cameroon.


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