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Landmark Research Journals Of Agriculture and Soil Science
November 2015 Vol. 2(2), pp. 016-025
Copyright © 2015 Landmark Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Past, Present and Future of Animal Traction in the North West Region of Cameroon
Ngeh MN1, Manu IN1, Tohnain N1, Tarla DN3, Muluh GN2, Fon DE4
1Department of Rural Sociology and Agricultural Extension, FAAS, University of Dschang;
2Mission de Développement du Nord-Ouest (MIDENO)/ GP-DERUDEP, Bamenda ;
3Department of Plant Protection, FAAS, University of Dschang; Department of Rural Economics, FAAS, University of Dschang.
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 20 November, 2015
In the North-West Region of Cameroon, the traditional shifting cultivation system practiced in the yesteryears was threatened by constraints such as rapid demographic expansion and unplanned urbanization. Like in other countries south of the Sahara, the government of Cameroon introduced innovative farming methods geared towards increasing production and productivity while at the same time reducing drudgery. Measures to remove the constraints were introduced in 1970s’ by the Project for the Promotion of Adapted Farming Systems based on Animal Traction (PAFSAT). PAFSAT promoted an Intermediate Technology adapted to the ecology and to the resources and knowledge of the local farmers. Animal traction (AT) has played and still plays an important role in meeting the power requirements of many parts of the developing world in general and the North West Region particular, because it is an appropriate, affordable, sustainable and intermediate technology requiring few external inputs and hence relatively low capital investment. This paper reviews the history of AT, its application in the day to day lives of farmers in the North West Region and prospects of future application.
Keywords: Animal traction, Intermediate Technology, Cameroon.