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Landmark Research Journals of Social Sciences
May 2020 Vol. 1(1), pp. 001-020
Copyright © 2020 Landmark Research Journals
Full Lenght Research Paper
Intellectual Modernism of Shāh Walīullah: An Exposition of his Socio-political Thought
Department of International Relations, California State University, Long Beach USA
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Shāh Walīullah (1703-1763) ranked among the great leaders of Islamic history who by dint of their knowledge and activities helped reconstruct the socio-political thought in Islam. Shāh Walīullah formed a bridge between medieval and modern Islam in India and pioneered an Islamic revivalist movement during the 18th century in the subcontinent. He devoted his whole life in disseminating the knowledge of the Qur’an and Sunnah to revive Islamic faith and true Islamic spirit among the Muslims. This study seeks to analyze and evaluate the socio-politico economic and religious thoughts and activities of Shāh Walīullah. It is believed that most of the successors of Shāh Walīullah are greatly influenced by the thoughts and activities propounded by him and hence this study will investigate and examine how they have been influenced and motivated by his thought and program of action. The overall objective of this study is to point out the thought and socio-politico economic and religious contributions of Shāh Walīullah towards reawakening of the Muslims in his contemporary society and how his contributions have shaped and moulded Islamic revivalism respectively.
Keywords: Islam, Qur’an, Sunnah, ‘Ulama’, Sufis, Ummah, Mogul Empire, and Irtifaqat.