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Landmark Research Journals of Medicine and Medical Sciences
June 2016 Vol. 3(6), pp. 040-045
Copyright © 2016 Landmark Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Determinants of Under-Five Mortality in Abim District, Uganda
Nafiu Lukman1, Moses Okello2, Adiukwu Roseline Nwawure3
1Economics and Statistics, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda
2Economics and Statistics, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda
3Department of Health Sciences, Busitema University, Mbale, Uganda
*Corresponding Author's Email: email@example.com
Accepted 05 April, 2016
The study on the determinants of under-five mortality in Abim district, Karamoja region was to examine how maternal age at first birth, maternal age, previous birth interval, maternal education, maternal occupation, paternal occupation, latrine use and source of drinking water affect under-five mortality prevalence. The respondents for this study were mothers in the reproductive age of 15-55 years selected by purposive sampling. A logistic regression model was used for a dummy (1=death, 0=survival) and the independent variables. The odds of the logistic estimates revealed that under-five mortality was significantly high at 95% confidence level among mothers who had first birth below 20 years of age, maternal age at birth of less than 20 years, previous birth interval of less than 2 years and households that use borehole water. Other factors like maternal education, maternal/paternal occupation and latrine/toilet use were insignificantly related to under-five mortality. Hence it was recommended that campaign against early marriage and teenage pregnancy be explicitly done, mothers be encouraged to exclusively breastfeed for at least 2 years, mothers be sensitized about the advantages of family planning, personal hygiene and good sanitation be continuously practiced if under-five mortality in the Abim District is to be controlled.
Keywords: maternal age, education, occupation, water, latrine and under-five mortality.