Landmark Research Journals of Medicine and Medical Sciences 
June 2016 Vol. 3(6), pp. 079-086
Copyright © 2016 Landmark Research Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

Contribution to the knowledge of medicinal plants around Lake Iro (Chad)

Imar Djibrine Soudy1.3.4; Ngomdé Djasnabaye 2; Oueddo Dassiring1; Djidda Alhadj1.3; Djimalbaye Mandiguel1; Arada Izzedine Abdelaziz1 ; Bruno Eto 4 and Mapongmetsem

Pierre Marie 2

 

1Institut  de  Recherche  en  Élevage  pour  le  Développement  (IRED),  R o u t e  d e F a r c h a ,  B P  4 3 3 N’Djamena, Tchad;

2 Laboratoire de Biodiversité et Développement Durable, Université de Ngaoundéré, BP : 455 Ngaoundéré (Cameroun)

3 Institut National Supérieur des Sciences et Techniques d’Abéché (INSTA), BP : 130 Route de Goz Beida, Abéché, Tchad

4 Laboratoires TBC TransCell-Lab. Faculté de Médecine Xavier Bichat. Université Paris Diderot Paris 7. BP : 16, rue Henri Huchard, BP : 416 -75870 Paris cedex 18, France

 

*Corresponding Author's Email: id.soudy@gmail.com

Accepted 10 October, 2016

ABSTRACT

Farmers and rural communities living around Lake Iro in Chad make frequently use of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) for food and other important matters such as health. The region of Lake Iro is renowned for being the fief of the traditional doctors in Chad and could contribute greatly to the knowledge of medicinal plants in the country.  The objective of this study carried out is to assess and evaluate the importance of the region in the understanding of medicinal plants’ role. Surveys carried out in three sites surrounding Lake Iro (Tiodi, Kilip and Badi) based on a structured questionnaire showed the followings: A total of 57 persons including seven renowned local traditional doctors have been interviewed in households and the market. The results of the survey led to the identification of 39 plant species, 30 genus and 23 families. The dominant family was Caesalpiniaceae with 12%. The plants’ parts used by traditional doctors are leaves, fruits, seeds, bark and roots among others. From all these, the roots constitute the important part with 39%. The majority of the preparations were prepared as maceration powder (45%) and the aqueous solutions obtained are taken orally (63%). A total of 24 diseases treated by medicinal plants have been identified during this survey. These plants are mainly used to treat diarrhea, stomach aches and malaria. The information on these species could act as basis in the development of appropriated strategies for domestication in order to introduce them in the existing peasant fields.

Keywords:  Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP), medicinal plants, overexploitation, Lake Iro, Chad.