Landmark Research Journals Of Agriculture and Soil Science 
October 2014 Vol. 1(2), pp. 012-021 
Copyright © 2014 Landmark Research Journals

Full Length Research Paper


Factors Related to the Low Uptake of Technologies and Innovations in Semi-Arid Areas of Lower Eastern Kenya

Justus Muteti Kavoi1, John Gowland Mwangi2 and Geoffrey Mbuthia Kamau3


1KARI-Katumani Research Centre, Box 340-90100, Machakos, Kenya. Machakos, Kenya

2Egerton University, P. O. Box 13-20100 Nakuru, Kenya. Division of Research and Extension, Egerton University

3KARI Headquarters, Box 57811-00200, City Square, Nairobi, Kenya. Division of Outreach and Partnerships, KARI Headquarters

*Corresponding Author's Email:;

Accepted 15 May, 2014


The semi-arid areas of lower Eastern Kenya are characterised by poor infrastructure, low, erratic and poorly distributed rainfall. Although joint poverty-reduction initiatives have been carried out in the region, low adoption of improved technologies and innovations still inhibits farmers’ ability to improve their farm productivity and household income. A study involving 165 respondents, for instance, was carried out to establish the factors related to low uptake of improved technologies and innovations. Data were collected through a survey using a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS versions 17.0. Results showed that poverty-reduction joint initiatives had the potential to improve farm productivity but were being negatively affected by relatively weak linkages; breach of contracts (Weak linkages were significantly higher than strong linkages ((χ2 = 76.07, df = 2, p = 0.001; breach of contracts was significantly higher than distorted farm-gate and market prices (χ2 = 59.49, df = 2, p = 0.001). The researchers concluded that joint poverty-reduction initiatives were likely to help smallholder farmers improve their farm productivity and that openness among stakeholders could greatly strengthen existing linkages. Stakeholders should use the prevailing support by stakeholders in planning and implementing joint poverty-reduction initiatives while embracing transparency and accountability to enhance the uptake of technologies and innovations.

Keywords: Breach of contracts, farm productivity, household income, Low adoption, support of key stakeholders.